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 > DELPHI MUSEUM
DELPHI MUSEUM - Fokida
 
  GENERAL INFORMATION
 

Next to the archaeological site at Delphi is one of the most important museums in all Greece, devoted exclusively to finds from the surrounding area. In the entrance hall is a navel –stoneof the Roman period, together with sections of a frieze showing scenes from the feats of Heracles, added to the proscenium of the theatre in the first century BC. Room 1 contains copper votive offering of the seventh century BC. Room 2 is dominated by the sculptures which once ornamented the treasury of the Siphnians (525 BC). The frieze depicted scenes from the Trojan War (east side), the Battle of the Giants (north side), the Judgement of Paris (west side) and the Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus (south side). One of the pediments bore the dispute between Heracles and Apollo over the Delphic tripod. One of the two Caryatids on the façade and sections of the relief of the door frame have also survived. Also in this room are Sphinx of the Naxians (560 BC), a Caryatid from the treasury of Cnidus (550-545 BC), and a column capital in the Aeolic order from the treasury of Massalia (500 BC). The most striking exhibits in Room 3 are two colossal statues of the early sixth century BC representing the Argive heroes Cleobis andBiton, together with metopes from the simple building of 560 BC over which the treasury of Sikyon was built (the voyage of the Argo, the Rape of Europa, the hunting of the Calydonian boar, Phrixus with the Golden Fleece). Room 4 is largely given over to metal objects found buried in the Halos (8th – 5th century BC): an enormous silver bull, bronze statuettes, and fragments of three impressive chryselephantine statues which probably represented Apollo, Leto and Artemis. Room 5 is adorned with the metopes from the treasury of the Athenians, with scenes from the exploits of Heracles and Theseus (6th century BC). In Room 6 are statues, two hymns to Apollo preserving musical notation (2nd century BC), and the sculptures from the west pediment of the temple of Apollo (that erected by the Alcmaeonids): a Battle of the Giants by the sculptor Antenor. The east pediment of the building is on display in Room 7, and shows the emergence of Apollo on his chariot. A statue of Dionysus which would have been fixed to the west pediment of the fourth-century temple has also survived. Funerary stelae, terracotta busts, vases dating from the Classical period and statues are among the exhibits in Room 8, while the most striking objects on view in Room 9 are the sculptures from the frieze of the Tholos in the sanctuary of Athena Pronaea (400-390 BC), with scenes from the Battle of the Centaurs and the Battle of the Giants. Room 10 contains a reconstruction of the monument of Daochus II, including statues of the king and his family and of Apollo (330 BC). The most famous exhibit in the museum is to be seen in Room 11: this is the bronze statue of the Charioteer, from a group also containing the chariot and horses dedicated by Polyzalus to mark his victory in the Pythian Games of 474 BC. This is one of the most impressive sculptures of the severe style, and some scholars attribute it to the sculptor Pythagoras. In Room 12 we note the Roman statue of Antinous, the pottery from the Corycian Cave on Mt Parnassus (7th – 4th centuries BC), and the prehistoric finds from the cemeteries of Delphi and from Crisa.

 
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