The ancient deme of Ramnous was on the shores of the Euboean Gulf, to the north-east of Athens. Archaeological excavations have brought to light many of the houses of the community, the main street lined with funerary monuments, a fortress or guard-post, an early theatre inside the fortress, and a sanctuary of the god Amphiaraus.
Ramnous was known in antiquity as the location of the cult of the goddess Nemesis, who protected balance and moderation in the world and punished those who dated to disturb them. In the archaeological site of Ramnous we can see the ruins of the temple of Nemesis, in all the various stages of building through which it went. The last stage, dating from 430-420 BC, contained the famous statue of Nemesis by sculptor Agoractitus.